FDI Fashion Lexicon


Abstract pattern: Here, a realistic representation is dispensed with. Rather, depicted objects are reduced to the essentials.


Accessory: An accessory is a decorative detail that is adapted to fashion and does not serve a necessary purpose. In fashion, jewelry, scarves, bags, hats, umbrellas, gloves and fans are popular accessories that can be used to create special accents.


Acetate: Acetate is also called cellulose acetate and is a man-made fiber obtained from wood and popular in the textile industry. Acetate fabrics are wrinkle resistant and shrink resistant. They are particularly suitable for fine linens, dresses, blouses and linings. Despite its vegetable base, acetate is not considered a natural fiber.


Ajouré or Ajour Pattern: Ajouré combines fine lace patterns with dense areas in the fabric. Often this type of pattern is used in knitwear or crochet to create variety and finesse in the pattern.


Allover: In an allover, the pattern is spread over the entire surface of the fabric or model.


Alpaca: The alpaca is a South American llama species that is native mainly to the Andes. Their fine, slightly wavy hair is often used to produce particularly high-quality wool, because alpaca yarns are light, elastic and have a beautiful sheen.


American Sportswear: casually elegant clothing inspired by the style of clothing of the American team sports football, baseball and basketball.


Androgynous: Androgyny combines both masculine and feminine features. Thus, the androgynous style is characterized in the fashion world by the simultaneous use of cuts, fabrics and details from both women's and men's fashion.


Angora: The Angora rabbit has particularly fine and light hair. Yarns, fabrics and knitwear are particularly soft and voluminous. The hollow, comparatively delicate, angora fibers are more fragile than common wool fibers and become electrostatically charged very easily. To obtain better stability, angora is often blended with nylon.


Animal Print: Fabrics with print patterns that look like animal skins and hides. Patterns depicting animals also belong to Animal Print.


Ankle Boot: A type of short boot that ends just above the ankle. The ankle boot thus fills the gap between high-front pumps and women's ankle boots. The variants of this type of shoe are diverse - they come with both flat and high heels.


Anorak: A sporty, weatherproof jacket with a hood. The name is derived from the Inuit language, and according to their tradition, the anorak was originally made as a slip jacket, which had only one opening for the head on its front upper side. This opening could be narrowed with buttons, press studs or with a zipper. Over time, most models of the modern anorak got a zipper or buttons in the front, so they can be opened like other jackets.


Antique Finish: Factory new leather, fabrics or garments are given a classy, aged look through processing.


Antique look: fabrics or models look as if they are old and worn.


Appliqué: An appliqué is a decorative ornament that is sewn or glued onto the garment, fabric or leather.


Burnout: A fabric that is given a pattern by a burnout process. The principle works similarly to screen printing, but instead of ink, a corrosive paste is used for burnout, which destroys parts of the fabric, resulting in a transparent appearance in these places. Before burning out, the base fabric usually consists of two different fibrous materials. This technique is also called "Devoré".


Authentic: A style that should look genuine and original, for example, vintage or retro models.


Avant-garde: Avant-garde stands for pioneering looks, for bold design and creative outfits that have never been seen before. The term is also used in art, music and literature.



Badges: A badge is an ornamental and design element in the form of a printed or embroidered badge or label that is decoratively applied to a garment.


Baggy Pants: Wide, flared pants that hang below the hips with very large pockets.


Panel skirt: A panel skirt is cut from four, six or eight trapezoidal panels of fabric, resulting in a skirt that is narrow around the hips and wider towards the hem.


Ballerinas: Very flat, classic slip-on shoes that owe their name to their visual similarity to the pointe shoes and slippers commonly worn in ballet. They have a round toe and a large, round neckline.


Ribbon yarn: A knitting yarn consisting of thin ribbons, which in turn may be knitted and flat-ironed or woven.


Bandeau: A bandeau is a bra-like garment with a straight neckline that looks like it is made from a strip of fabric. This strip may be gathered in the center front to accentuate the shape of the bust. Often the bandeau shape is used for bikinis in sportswear or swimwear.


Basics: In the fashion world, basics are items of clothing that are always needed and can be easily combined, so everyone should always have them in their wardrobe.


Batik patterns: A dyeing technique also called "tie dye". In true batik, wax patterns are intricately hand-drawn onto fabrics using a specific tool. The fabric is then dyed, but the areas of fabric covered with wax do not absorb dye and retain their original color. This then creates a variety of characteristic patterns. This effect is often imitated as a print for the sake of simplicity.


Batiste: A fine plain weave fabric made of cotton or a cotton-polyester blend. The polyester content makes the garment easier to care for and it wrinkles less.


Peasant skirt: A peasant skirt is wide, bouffant and calf-length and has one to three tiers, with the underskirt peeking out at the hem. The width is summarized at the hip by ruffling or pleating in the waistband.


Modular system: Particularly in men's fashion, the modular system is used to offer suits in pants, jackets and vests in different sizes that can be combined.


Cotton: Subtropical cotton is a mallow-like plant from whose seed hairs the natural fiber cotton is obtained. This is versatile because of its properties: cotton is extremely absorbent, tear-resistant and breathable. In addition, it can usually be machine washed at up to 95 degrees without any problems.


Beach Wear: casual casual fashion designed primarily to be worn on the beach.


Bell Bottom: Hip-hugging pants, usually jeans, that are still tight at the thigh, but flared out from the knee, which makes them fall bell-shaped on the foot. In the 1970s, the bell bottom jeans, also called flared jeans, experienced its peak so far.


Bermudas: Bermudas are a type of short pants worn as casual or everyday clothing by all genders. The legs of the pants end about three to five centimeters above the knee, making them much longer than shorts.


Coating: A layer of a chemical substance, such as polyurethane or Teflon, applied to the surface of a woven or knitted fabric to change it. This effect may be desired for fashion reasons such as a lacquer or leather look, or for functional reasons for weather or stain protection.


Bicolor: Two-color yarns, twisted yarns or printed designs. The one-color version is called "plain".


Biker jacket: Biker jackets mimic the style of motorcycle jackets. They are usually waist-length and have functional details such as zippers or the characteristic collar shape. However, the padding often present in motorcycle jackets is omitted.


Black Tie: This term is sometimes found in invitations to particularly festive occasions. It should then be worn tuxedo.


Bellows pocket: A patch pocket with a sporty look. It is often used on sporty pants, jackets or shirts in cargo look and can be round or square. An incorporated panel on the sides gives it a lot of volume and thus acts as an eye-catcher.


Blazer: A single-breasted or double-breasted jacket, lengthwise covering the buttocks, with collar and lapels. In the classic style borrowed from the naval uniform, the blazer often has gold buttons and patch pockets and is dark blue.


Blazer coat: A blazer coat is also called a paletot and is an elegant, body-hugging short coat that was originally intended as a city coat for men. It has a lapel collar, which can be worn fitted or as a stand-up collar, narrow sleeves and is single or double-breasted buttoned.


Bleached: A term that is especially common with jeans and means that the fabric has been bleached.


Blouson: The blouson is a hip-length jacket. It is given a blouse-like shape by elastic cuffs at the sleeves and waist. Mostly blousons are made of nylon, leather or other textiles, such as aviator jackets, bomber jackets, college jackets and Harrington jackets.


Blouse jacket: A cuffless blouse made of a stronger material or with lining. It can be worn alone or as a jacket over a top.


Bodysuit: A bodysuit is a usually tight-fitting one-piece garment that covers only the torso. It can be worn as underwear or outerwear. The bodysuit is particularly common in clothing for babies and toddlers.


Body Bag: A small bag worn on the body with a strap. It should be noted when using the term that in America and England, however, "body bag" is understood to mean a body bag.


Bodyliner: a one-piece that gently shapes the figure by using fabrics with elastic, modern fibers. Bodyliners do not require elaborate, supportive interior and are very light.


Bodywear: a collective term for corsetry and underwear


Boho style: "Boho" is an abbreviation of "bohème", an intellectual movement in France, in the late 19th century for an emphatically casual, freedom-loving lifestyle cultivated. The hippie movement borrowed from bohème and created a style with its long floral dresses, ethnic prints, jewelry or feathers, which has been popularly worn again since the early 2000s as boho style.


Bolero: A waist-short jacket without closure, which has its origin in the costume of Spanish toreros.


Bomber jacket: a short jacket in blouson form and military style, similar to the flight jacket


Bonding: In bonding, two different fabrics are glued together. In this way, the more expensive doubleface is imitated. Another term for bonding is lamination.


Bootcut: pants that are wide enough at the bottom hem to fit boots underneath.


Border: Patterned stripes usually applied to the hem or cuffs of a garment as decoration.


Bouclé: A fabric that is given a nubby, irregular surface by the use of a fancy yarn with small loops and knots.


Brocade: Originally a precious fabric embroidered with gold or silver threads. Today, brocade is understood to be a silky jacquard fabric, often interwoven with lurex threads, which can be elaborately patterned. Primarily, brocade is used for festive clothing.


Underwire bra: A bra with thin, semi-circular strips of rigid material fitted into the fabric. In this way, the woman's breasts are lifted, shaped and supported. The underwires can be made of metal, plastic or resin


Burberry check: A striking check pattern in white, black and red on a beige background.


Business Shirt: A mostly solid color, often white or light blue, classic, formal dress shirt.


Business style: a discreet, but sophisticated, usually higher quality, correct clothing. The important thing here is the formal and business-like appearance of the outfit. For men, by definition, this means a suit, tie and clean, closed-toe shoes. Women can usually alternate a bit more with their attire and wear, for example, pantsuits or suits.


Bustier: A bustier is a tight-fitting, short top that reaches only to the ribs or waist. Similar to a bra, a bustier is designed to shape the female breast and provide support.


Button-down collar: the collar of a shirt that is buttoned to the front of the shirt at its points with small buttons.



Caban: A caban is a jacket traditionally used by the navy and sea fishing, usually about jacket-length, made of tightly woven virgin wool. Typical features are the wide lapel, double-breasted buttoning and slip pockets.


Campus look: other name for college style.


Camouflage pattern: Typical patch-like camouflage pattern from the military sector, mostly in foliage and earth tones.


Canvas: A coarse, durable fabric in plain weave. Originally, canvas fabrics were used as sailcloth. The fabric is relatively heavy. Canvas fabrics are classically made of natural fibers such as cotton, hemp or linen. Nowadays, however, blended fabrics with the addition of synthetic fibers are also common.


Capri pants: Capri pants are knee- to calf-length women's pants that have been popular since the 1950s. Particularly characteristic of capri pants is their length from below the knee to no more than mid-calf. Sometimes a side slit allows the hem to be turned up.


Car Coat: The Car Coat is a coat variant that was originally worn by drivers and travelers in the car or bus. Initially, the idea was to provide maximum protection and warmth. Over time, the Car Coat became shorter and today typically ends mid-thigh.


Cardigan: A longer knitted vest or jacket. Depending on the thickness of the material and the wool blend used, a cardigan can provide varying degrees of warmth. Depending on the cut, it can be single or double-breasted and collarless or have a shawl collar and patch pockets.


Cargo pants: Cargo pants are wide-legged pants with patch or sewn-in side pockets in the thigh or knee area. This type of pant was originally developed for military use during World War II and still mimics the style of workwear today.


Carmen style: blouse/skirt combinations and dresses with off-the-shoulder tops often bordered by ruffles. Skirts are wide swinging and often have ruffles or multiple flounces. Wide belts are often worn with them to accentuate the waist. The style is reminiscent of Spanish flamenco dancers, which explains the name "Carmen style".


Cashmere: The cashmere goat sheds its fine, dense undercoat only once a year, resulting in about 100g per animal. Genuine cashmere is only available in limited quantities and is therefore highly sought after, making genuine, high-quality cashmere a particularly expensive yarn.


Casual style: "Casual" means "comfortable" in English. Fashion in casual style is correspondingly casual, but not careless, and is intended to emphasize the contrast to formal clothing.


Chanel® style: The legendary fashion designer Coco Chanel designed costumes, coats, dresses, etc. in the 50s from fantasy tweeds with ribbons, braids or velvet as edgings on collars, pockets and edges. This style is continued to this day by the house of Chanel® in ever new variations and is also used by other manufacturers in their own creations.


Changeant: Also called weft silk, changeant is a fabric made of silk woven from warp and weft threads in two or more different colors, which creates an iridescent, iridescent look depending on the angle and incidence of light.


Chasuble: Chasuble is the French term for "dress skirt". The term is derived from the word "chasuble", which means a chasuble or cloak without sleeves. In the 1970s, the Chasuble was already a fashion hit. Today, the Chasuble is making its fashion comeback in boho style. A Chasuble can be worn closed as a dress or open over wide pants and dresses.


Check: The English term for check pattern.


Man-made fibers: A generic term for all fibers not found in nature. There are different types of man-made fibers: Viscose and acetate, for example, are produced on a cellulose basis, while polyester and polyamide are produced on a synthetic basis and are therefore also referred to as synthetics.


Chiffon: A fine, gossamer and transparent fabric with a fine, somewhat irregular surface appearance. Chiffon is mainly used for shawls, scarves, blouses and particularly fine, delicate nightwear. To ensure that chiffon has the necessary durability despite its fineness, it is usually made from continuous man-made fiber yarns.


Chiné: The warp of this (artificial) silk fabric is printed in color, while the weft is plain. In this way, the pattern appears less distinct and without contours. This effect is also often imitated as a print.


Chinos: A pair of pants originally made of light cotton, but now often made of dark cotton, with pleats and two pockets in front and two back pockets in back. Originally designed for the US Army.


Chintz: Originally, chintz was a wax-covered, thin, shiny cotton fabric in a plain weave. Today, chintz is mainly used as a decorative fabric.


City shirt: The city shirt is a dress shirt with a subtle pattern and can be worn with or without a tie. It has a more formal appearance than the semidress shirt and contrasts with the sport shirt.


Clean: From English, "clean" refers to a clean, neat, crisp look.


Cloqué: Cloqué belongs to the crepe fabrics and is also called bubble crepe, because the discarded appearance typical of crepe fabrics is achieved by bubbling the surface.
The resulting interesting structure makes cloqué a popular fabric for fashionable evening dresses and blazers. Cloqué fabrics and fabrics should not be ironed if possible.


Club Style: A style inspired by the cut and colors of club uniforms.


Clutch: A small handbag that does not have handles or straps. This variant of the handbag is often used for evening bags.


Coat: English word for "coat".


Coco Jacket: Named after designer Coco Chanel, who created a short jacket with bound edges that can be collarless or lapel collared - see Chanel® style.


College jacket: A college jacket is a blouson-like, casual jacket that is similar in cut to the bomber jacket and is usually also lined in a similar way. However, it has a mostly multi-colored design and is often also provided with lettering, logos or emblems.


College style: A casual sportswear style inspired by the clothing style of American universities.


Color blocking: In color blocking, different colors are combined with each other to create an exciting, bright contrast. Individual parts that make up the outfit should be plain and have a rich, bright hue.


Colored Denim: Denim, i.e. denim that does not come in the classic blue, but is dyed in fashion colors.


Comeback: In fashion and in the music and art scene, a term for something that has been around before and becomes topical again.


Complet: A "complete" combination of skirt or dress with a matching coat of the same material and color scheme.


Cool: Trends that mostly young people identify with are "cool. Those who follow these trends feel "in" and superior to others.


Corduroy: A velvet fabric laid in ribs. The ribs can be fine (baby corduroy), medium wide (genoa corduroy), very wide (wide corduroy) or different widths (fancy corduroy).


Corsage: The corsage or corsage is a tightly enclosing, off-the-shoulder shapewear garment. Incorporated spiral spring rods stiffen it so that no straps are necessary. The stiffening also replaces the bra at the same time. The corsage emphasizes the figure, but does not shape it as extremely as a corset.


Cotelé: A fabric with tightly woven, somewhat plastically raised longitudinal ribs.


Cotton: English for "cotton".


Covercoat: coat or costume fabric woven with dense warp and less dense weft. The mouliné yarns used in the warp give the covercoat a speckled appearance. Covercoats are made of wool, cotton, man-made fibers pure or blended, and often impregnated to repel water. Covercoat is also called a three-quarter length sporty coat made of the very same fabric.


Crash: Crash comes from the English and means something like "break" or also "smash". Garments with a crash look transfer this look to fabric and make it look worn or destroyed. However, the effect is only consistent with synthetics or synthetic blends.


Crèpe: True crèpes are woven from high twist yarns. However, crèpe fabrics are also created by weaving and finishing and are correspondingly less expensive. Crèpes are fabrics with a crinkly, grainy surface. This is created by using heavily over-twisted yarns or twists (crepe yarn) that curl during washing and finishing, by irregular interlacing of the thread during weaving (crepe weave), or other processes. Crepe fabrics are more or less uneven or sandy, depending on the fineness, and very dull.


Crèpe-de-Chine: A fine, silky fabric with a flowing drape and a subtle sheen with a sandy texture. This effect is created by softly twisted warp materialFine silky fabric or silk fabric with a flowing drape, subtle sheen and sandy texture created by softly twisted warp material and weft yarn up-twisted at alternate twist directions.


Crinkle: A permanently fine and flat crinkled fabric.


Crossdressing: the combination of clothing styles that are normally considered to be mismatched.


Cupro: Cupro is also called vegan silk and consists of a regenerated cellulose fiber. The starting material for this is actually a waste product from cotton extraction: the cotton plant contains seeds that are covered with a small, down-like fiber. This is unsuitable for the production of cotton fabrics, but can be processed using a copper-ammonia solution. The result is a fabric with a silk-like, shimmering appearance and a soft feel against the skin. The fibers are non-iron, breathable and do not build up static electricity.


Curly lamb: A suede leather from lamb. Here the wool side is left with its natural curl, giving the leather a curly look on one side.


Custo Shirt: Custo shirts have an unusual mix of patterns. These can be flowers, paisley patterns or borders. The material is also combined in an unusual way, for example, tulle with knitwear. This style is now often copied, but originally came from the fashion house Custo in Barcelona.


Cut: A tailcoat worn on very special occasions during the day from morning until about 3 pm. The cut usually includes striped Stresemann trousers, a gray vest, and a white collar with a silver-gray tie. Alternatively, a shirt with a flapped collar and subtle gray plastron may be worn. The cut is worn at weddings by guests and by the groom, and is also appropriate at highly official receptions - on both occasions, gladly with a gray top hat. A white or red carnation is worn on the left lapel.



Dark Denim: Denim fabric that is uniformly dyed in a dark tone. The yarn is completely penetrated by the dye during the dyeing process and no bleaching process is used.


Denim: The classic denim consists of blue longitudinal and white transverse threads. However, the warp threads here can also have colors other than blue. The white weft threads make the back of the fabric look almost white. The weight of the fabric is given in ounces. The name denim is derived from the French "de Nîmes", which means "from Nîmes". Cotton was once grown in the area surrounding the southern French city.


Lingerie: A collective term for beautiful, lightweight women's underwear usually made of higher quality material. Corsetry, on the other hand, is the umbrella term for practical, rather utilitarian everyday underwear.


Destroyed denim: Denim that is intentionally flawed or torn by mechanical action or may even have holes. Destroyed denim is often used to create a vintage or used look.


Diagonal: A fabric in which a diagonal pattern is clearly visible. This is achieved by the weave or/and by the color pattern.


Dinner Jacket: A dinner jacket is a white jacket worn for social day occasions such as weddings, summer parties and cocktail parties. The dinner jacket is combined with a tuxedo shirt and tuxedo pants. Depending on your taste, a white or colored bow can be worn with it, matching the pochette and cummerbund. The combination with a black bow is typical for head waiters.


Dirty Denim: A slightly dirty, worn denim look achieved by a brownish, washed over coloration.


Wicking yarn: This thick, soft yarn is loosely twisted and has a round cross-section. It is best suited for knitwear and woven fabrics.


Donegal: Donegal is a porous carded yarn fabric in cloth weave resembles hand weave. Sometimes the term Donegal, named after Ireland's northernmost County Donegal, is also used for knitted fabrics with a similar surface appearance. Traditionally, the warp is lighter and the weft is darker in the fabric made of nubby yarns.


Doubleface: See Bonding.


Draping: Draping, also known as moulage, is a technique used primarily in haute couture. Here, the fabric or cloth is draped directly on the dressmaker's bust and thus obtains its shape.


Drawstrings: Round and elastic cords with stoppers at the ends. They are used to individually regulate the hem width of garments.


Jungle patterns: very decorative, mostly colorful patterns with exotic flowers, leaves and animals.


Duffle coat: is a three-quarter length, single-breasted, sporty coat made of heavy wool fabric with a hood, leather trim, patch pockets and horn or wood toggle closures. The duffle coat is the only classic coat model that still has a hood.


Duvetine: Duvetine is a fabric woven on the basis of the so-called atlas weave or cross twill weave. This is a fabric characterized by a very short pile. Depending on how fine the yarn and how high the weft density, many different types of duvetine fabrics can be made. In addition, yarns made of different materials such as natural fibers, i.e. cotton, wool, viscose or silk, or synthetic fibers (man-made fibers) can be used. Visually, the fabrics can have a silky sheen or a matte appearance, which is why they are called silk velvet or imitation velvet, or leather velvet (imitation suede).


Easy-care finishes: This refers to anti-stain and non-iron finishes, but also easy care in the washing machine and dryer.


Ecru: A type of unbleached, natural-colored wool white. Accordingly, ecru silk is understood to be a natural raw silk that has not been completely de-bleached and is lackluster.


Precious hair: Since the term "wool" in the proper sense always means sheep's wool, very high-quality wool from certain goats (such as cashmere), rabbits (angora) or llamas (alpaca, vicuna) is referred to as precious hair.


Fancy Yarn: A yarn that is not uniformly smooth in appearance or texture, but has special effects such as knots, nubs or flames.


Elastane: Elastane is a collective term for elastic threads made from polyurethane that give woven and knitted fabrics resilience, which is why these fabrics are called stretch fabrics. They are also less susceptible to creasing. Elastane is always used in combination with other materials. Dorlastan and Lycra are the best-known brand names for elastane fabrics.


Elegant: Fine, distinguished, selected.


Emblem: A badge or logo


Empire Lines: This term describes a dress that is tighter under the bust or has a seam directly under the bust, emphasizing the bust area while the rest of the dress flows loosely along the body. A dress with empire lines is also called an empire waist, empire cut or high-waist dress. This fashion originates from the time of Napoleon and Jane Austen.


Ensemble: Two or more garments that are coordinated to form a single unit.


Ergonomic shape: A cut adapted to the body shapes, especially for pants.


Etamine: Etamine is a loosely woven fabric with a structure similar to voile or net. It is an open weave structure made in plain weave from barely twisted cotton or wool yarns. Etamine comes in different variations, created for example by using other fibers such as silk.


Ethnic patterns: patterns from the cultural circles of distant countries, which are also in the colors typical of these countries.


Ethno style: clothing whose style is borrowed from the cultural circles of distant countries. Colors and patterns typical for these regions are also used here.


Sheath dress: A sheath dress is a rather straight, slim and figure-hugging cut, approximately knee-length dress without decoration. Classically it appears in muted and dark tones, with a collarless, plain, horizontal or round neckline, sleeveless and without cross dividing seams.


Exotic motifs / Exotic patterns: Mostly very decorative and colorful motifs and patterns with exotic flowers, leaves and animals. These patterns and motifs are also called jungle patterns.


Fade-out: A look on jeans that looks washed out, unevenly faded or discolored.


Fake Fur: A fake fur is a synthetic plush that is an imitation of fur.


Falbel: A falbel is a softly falling strip of fabric used to decorate skirts, especially as decoration in flamenco costume. Falbel can be drawn, folded and pleated.


Fashion Design Study: A way to study fashion. Fashion design is offered as a degree program at very few universities, but there are private fashion schools, such as the Fashion Design Institute, that offer professional training as a fashion designer.


Fashion Marketing Study: The world of fashion is a special one. That's why it takes special skills to market fashion properly. These skills are usually taught in a fashion marketing course at private fashion schools such as the Fashion Design Institute.


Fashion management studies: This involves areas such as fashion purchasing, product management and fashion brand management. This is where enthusiasm for fashion meets business know-how. Fashion schools such as the Fashion Design Institute offer training in fashion management.


Faux Uni: A type of "false plain", a false solid color. This is the name given to fabrics that are so small-patterned that they appear monochromatic at first glance.


Filigree pattern: This term originated in the jewelry industry and refers to finely drawn patterns with ornaments, spiral decorations and arabesques. In the jewelry industry, the finest intertwined ornaments made of gold and silver wires are called filigree.


Felt: is a non-woven textile fabric made of sheep's wool or other animal hair and, if necessary, synthetic fibers. Due to the structure of its fiber, wool felts under the action of pressure, thrust and moisture. To increase the density even more, the felt can be subsequently rolled


Finish: A finish is the final refinement of fabrics that results in a change in appearance, feel or other properties.


Fisherman's trousers: three-quarter length trousers, also with a rolled-up hem, see Capri trousers.


Herringbone: Herringbone or herringbone pattern is one of the oldest fabric patterns in the world, as it was used in the early Iron Age. The herringbone pattern got its name because of its resemblance to a fish skeleton: the fabric is woven so that the threads run staggered against each other. Rough wool and tweed fabrics are particularly suitable for this weave, which is why herringbone is often used for tweed caps, jackets and wool coats.
In Great Britain, classic herringbone blazers and herringbone jackets are particularly popular. Plaids are also often woven in the herringbone pattern.


Fishtail: Fishtail or "fishtail" refers to a particular jacket shape. In the back, this jacket ends with a kind of train that resembles a fishtail. This train is not only used for jackets, but also for dresses and skirts. This creates a particularly feminine and elegant silhouette.


Five Pocket Trousers: They originated in the Wild West, but now the five-pocket pants with their fifth pocket have also arrived in our everyday wardrobe. Levi Strauss is considered the inventor - but in addition to jeans, many cloth pants also present themselves as five-pocket models.


Flat weave: Flat weave is the name for fabrics that do not have a pile, i.e. are two-dimensional. They can have a smooth to very textured surface, often highlighted by fancy yarns or twists or by patterns. Flat weave is often used as a smooth sportswear fabric, for example poplin or fine gabardine.


Flannel: A woven fabric made of cotton, wool, wool blend or viscose. It is roughened on one or both sides and is therefore particularly soft, warm and cozy. Flannel is especially often used in sportswear, casual shirts, nightwear and bedding.


Flats: Flat shoes are shoes that have a flat sole or a very small platform. That's why they are a popular alternative to the classic high heels or pumps. They prevent aching feet and a stiff back, but still provide a touch of elegance.


Fleece: A fabric made from staple fiber yarn that has a grain and a fiber cover more than two millimeters long and is processed in the direction of the grain.


Bat sleeves: A special form of the kimono sleeve. The bat sleeve extends under the arm to the waist or hip and tapers narrowly to the wrist.


Fleece: A type of fleece, but in a heavily napped quality, originally used for sports fashion. Fleece is mainly made of man-made fibers, a more expensive variant is fleece made of wool or cotton.


Bow tie: The bow tie is also called loop and is an alternative to the tie or plastron. There are bow ties to tie yourself or already tied with an elastic band. Only the bow tie is worn with tuxedos and tailcoats. The size of the bow tie varies with the fashion.


Pilot jacket: A pilot jacket is a short, close-fitting blouson jacket with knitted cuffs, push pockets and zipper and is usually made of leather or nylon. Its origin lies in the pilot's coat of early aviation, after the end of World War II, it also found its way into everyday clothing.


Flock Print: Adhesive is used to print a pattern or lettering onto a base fabric. Textile fiber flocks are then applied, which adhere to the glued areas. In this way, a velvety, plastic relief pattern is created.


Flokati look: a woven or knitted fabric with the fur-like, shaggy look of Greek shepherd rugs.


Pile: Raised fiber ends in pile fabrics such as velvet or corduroy create a velvety, soft effect.


Floral patterns: patterns with flowers, vines, leaves and grasses.


Folklore style: clothing in a style that adopts elements of various folk costumes.


Fond: A fabric background that serves as the basis of a pattern.


Formal Dress: The dress code "Formal" is common at dinner parties or dinners with a business background. Here, simple elegance and noble style are required - and the formal wear that belongs to this dress code is undoubtedly one of the most expensive and glamorous outfits that you keep in your closet. For gentlemen, this means a classy and expensive formal suit, while ladies should wear stylish cocktail dresses.


Tailcoat: Tailcoat is the official men's attire for highly festive occasions such as elegant weddings, balls and festive premieres. The request to wear a tailcoat is noted on the invitations as a dress code with "White Tie". The general rule is that tailcoats are worn after 3 p.m., but even more appropriately after dark. This includes a black top hat, a white low-cut piqué vest, a white dress shirt with concealed button placket and turn-up cuffs, a white bow tie and black patent leather shoes.


Frisé: A twisted yarn with a fine wavy structure.


Lining: A possibly thin fabric or material sewn onto the inside of garments, shoes, leather goods or similar. A lining serves as a protective cover, therefore the case also refers to a protective container made of textile material or leather.



Gabardine: Gabardine is woven from very smooth and straight fibers (worsted), which are particularly fine and high quality and add to the charm of this elegant fabric. Gabardine fabrics are usually blended fabrics made of wool, cotton and synthetic fibers such as polyester or viscose. The warp threads are tightened during the weaving process, while the weft thread is somewhat looser, creating a "non-round" structure. The weave type is a twill weave, which is known for sloping ridges. In addition, different colors are sometimes used for warp and weft threads. In combination with the non-circular twill weave, a typical appearance with steep ridges is created.


Galon: Galon refers to the shiny silk stripe on both sides on a pair of tuxedo pants.


Gaucho Pants: This style of pants comes from the world of South American mountain farmers and cattle herders, the gauchos. They wore the practical and coarsely woven leg dress over or in their wide shaft boots, so the pant leg also had to be wide enough. Gaucho pants are similar to other models of pants such as the culotte or even the longer palazzo pants, but they usually end at the level of the calves or above the ankles. In addition, gaucho pants are wide, but definitely not to be confused with skirts.


Frock coat: In the 19th century, the frock coat was a festive skirt for the gentleman. Today, it is popularly worn as a long, narrow jacket that resembles the original with its straight hemline, lap part and bar tack in the back.


Boiled Wool: Woven or knitted fabric made from wool that has been boiled to achieve a slightly felted appearance.


Molded bras: These bras have cups that are made using the molding process. In this production process, the material is heated and shaped into a bust. This creates cups that have no seams and therefore do not show under tight-fitting outerwear. They also retain their round shape permanently.


Glamour Look: A rich, decorative style in a classy getup, often with glitter effects and gladly sexy.


Glencheck: Glencheck was originally understood to be multicolored small checks, traditionally in gray, black and white, which are repeated in larger squares all over the fabric. Today, however, this design is more often seen in variations with a breezy wider check pattern in a contrasting color over the glencheck.


Tapestry patterns: conservative, often geometric patterns, usually in faded colors, mimicking the style of old tapestries.


Godets: triangular, wedge-shaped cut pieces inserted into narrow track skirts to give them a swingy, voluminous hemline.


Gore-Tex: Gore-Tex is a brand name. It stands for a membrane made of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE or Teflon), which allows body moisture to escape from the inside of the clothing, but does not allow moisture or wind to enter from the outside. Because of these special properties, Gore-Tex is particularly popular for high-quality clothing in the sports and outdoor sector.


Graphics: In fashion, graphics refers to graphic patterns that are printed on the fabric.


Coarse knit: Coarse knits are knitted fabrics that are somewhat coarser due to the use of thicker, coarser wool. Coarse knit is particularly suitable for coarser cardigans in oversize look or for warm sweaters.


Guipure Lace: Guipure lace (also known as Venetian lace, Point de Venise, or spatula lace) is an elegant classic machine-made lace, usually in cool white, that mimics traditional handmade bobbin lace. Guipure lace fabric is used for wedding gowns, evening and coctail dresses, and to embellish bodices, hemlines, necklines and evening pockets. Since guipure is heavier than the other laces, it is especially suitable for more durable fabrics such as dupioni, duchesse and taffeta.



Houndstooth: This traditional weaving pattern originates from Scotland and is also known as "Houndstooth" and "Pied de Poule". Typical of houndstooth fabrics is a special check pattern that is reminiscent of the claw marks of a rooster. Depending on the weave, the checks can vary from small patterned to large-scale. Meanwhile, the pattern is also available as a print on cotton fabrics or flock print on jerseys. For a long time, houndstooth fabric was used exclusively for men's fashion - it was not until 1947 that fashion designer Christian Dior helped the elegant houndstooth fabric achieve a breakthrough in women's fashion with his legendary "New Look".


Halterneck: This top is also called halterneck. It gives the complete shoulder and back area free and is tied at the neck, which makes the size individually variable. Another variant are tops where the straps are sewn together, which makes the clothing size no longer variable. In the 1950s, Halternecks were the fashion trend for bikinis, swimsuits, shirts, bras, dresses, evening gowns and wedding dresses. Halternecks are still popularly worn today.


Hand stitch/handstitch: Edges on garments that have been sewn through in such a way that only punctiform or longer interrupted stitches are visible. The name refers to the look of hand-stitched seams, which these decorative, brightly contrasting seams resemble at the end.


Handwoven look: To achieve a handwoven look, the fabric is loosely woven from yarns with irregular thickenings so that the fabric looks handspun and handwoven.


Haute Couture: In France, "Haute Couture" is a trademarked term meaning "upscale tailoring. Only those prestigious fashion houses that the Chambre Syndicale lists are true couture houses. The production of haute couture is elaborate and expensive. It is not the wearability of the fashion that counts, but the creation of the look, the presentation of new silhouettes and the image of the fashion house and the designer. So often in haute couture the boundaries between fashion and art become blurred.


Hawaii print: Colorful, often large-scale patterns reminiscent of the folkloric designs of Hawaii. Often South Seas scenes or tropical floral patterns are depicted.


Heavy Jersey: The fabric of heavy jersey is slightly firmer than "ordinary" jersey and has a grippy structure. The material has a great shape retention. When worn, the fabric gives way and stretches into the desired fit. After washing, the material springs back to its original shape. This prevents unattractive stretching. Heavy jersey is particularly popular for cutting dresses, skirts and pants (for example jeggings) when they need to sit particularly close to the skin and emphasize the female form.


Shirt blouse dress: dress in the style of a shirt blouse with a shirt collar, possibly with cuffs. There are belted and loose hanging variants. The width is variable from very narrow to casually wide.


Shirt Jacket: A shirt jacket is a lightweight, often unlined, men's shirt style jacket with a shirt collar, often with patch chest pockets. The shirt jacket is also known as shacket and is particularly suitable for the temperature conditions in the transitional period.


Shirt Style: A style for blouses, dresses and jackets inspired by the shapes and details of classic men's shirts and shirt blouses.


Heritage: Translated from English, Heritage literally means "heritage". In fashion, this means the company tradition and the history of the brand.


High Heels: High heels are elegant women's shoes with very high heels. One speaks of high heels from a heel height of about 10 centimeters. As a rule, high heels have so-called spiked heels: The width of the heel is not thicker than the penny in the former German currency. Spiked heels visually lengthen the leg and stretch the entire body.


High-tech: In the fashion and apparel industry, high-tech products have special functional properties (for example, waterproof, breathable fabrics) that have only been made possible by the use of state-of-the-art technology.


Hip Hop Style: A type of streetwear that was shaped by the American hip hop scene and is considered cool and identity-forming, especially among young people. Typical are wide baggy pants and casual oversize sweatshirts.


Hippie look: In keeping with the attitude to life of the hippies of the 1960s/70s, hippie clothing is also airy, light and colorful: floral patterns, a soft flowing tunic and fringed tops are fixed components of the hippie look. Hippie dresses with ethnic patterns, colorful patchwork fashion and leather boots are also part of a real hippie look.


Hip-strings: thongs that sit low on the hips.


Hemstitching: is a needlework technique used to decoratively hem the edges of linen-bound fabrics (especially white linens such as tablecloths, bed sheets and aprons). It is one of the simpler variations of the openwork. The fabric edge is folded over twice, as is usual when serging hems. In this way, openwork stripes are created. Today, this effect is imitated with special machines and used as a detail in women's fashion.


Hoodie: A hoodie is a hooded sweatshirt with an attached hood. Most often it also has a belly pocket open from both sides and strings to tighten the hood.


Hopsack: Hopsack is a coarsely woven fabric made of wool, hemp or jute in a panama look used for clothing. Other definition of hopsack is also called: Hopsacking. a coarse fabric used for bags, etc., generally made of hemp or jute.


Hot Pants: Extremely short, tight-fitting shorts.


Hipster: A pair of pants that do not sit at the waist, but further down on the hip bone. They come in variations with or without a waistband.


In-Between Jacket: A lightweight jacket that can be worn both indoors and outdoors.


Indoor fashion: a fashion for clothes that are worn exclusively at home. They are mainly characterized by the fact that they are comfortable to wear. Indoor fashion can combine a certain sportiness with attractive and neat appearance.


Informal clothing: In men's fashion, informal clothing is understood to be modern, casual clothing that is clearly different from formal men's clothing with a suit and tie.


Intarsia: In knitwear fashion, knitted-in contrasting motifs, such as diamond patterns, are referred to as intarsia.


It-Bag: It-Bag is a designation for a fashionable handbag "with that certain something". The term was coined around 1990 probably by the fashion house Fendi.


Jacquard: The name comes from the French inventor Jacquard, who in the 18th century constructed a loom with a variety of patterning possibilities, so that elaborate patterns in woven and knitted fabrics became possible. This technique was further developed for modern knitting and weaving machines. Jacquard is thus a collective term for fabrics made of all kinds of materials (for example, silk, viscose, wool, cotton) with a woven or knitted pattern - so there is not really one Jacquard fabric.


Janker: A janker is a straight-cut, hip-length traditional jacket made of rolled sheep's wool, the edges of which may be trimmed in a different color. Jankers often have a box pleat in the back and stand-up or lapel collars. Contrasting edges and decorative buttons made of metal or stag horn are typical.


Jaspé: Jaspé is a yarn spun from different colored rovings with comparatively weak twist and has a speckled, mottled appearance.


Jeans: The name Jeans has its origin in the French name Gênes for the Italian port city of Genoa. From there, denim fabric (see there) was shipped all over the world.


Jersey: Jersey is a soft, often elastic fabric. It is knitted or crocheted from yarns, viscose or viscose blends, wool or wool blend yarns, cotton or silk. Jersey has characteristics similar in appearance to a fabric with a light rib pattern. Its soft, adaptable structure makes jersey especially popular in feminine women's fashion.


Jewel sweater: a sweater decoratively decorated with colored stones and glitter elements.


Jogging style: Casual sports style pants and tops originally designed for jogging. Typical details for pants here are the elastic waistbands, drawstrings and leg cuffs. Tops often have hoods.


Jumper: A jumper is a sporty, sweater-like, well-waisted top.



Caftan blouse: The style of the caftan blouse is based on the caftan, the long and open front garment of oriental culture.


Camel hair: yarn from the undercoat of the camel, which is extremely soft and light and has a silky sheen. The finer camel hair is, the more valuable and expensive it is.


Kasack: The word Kasack comes from the French "casaque" and originally described a three-quarter-length women's blouse. Today, the term "Kasack" is used to describe a top that is primarily worn by employees in the care and medical sectors. Kasacks are available in various designs: The conventional form is a closed short-sleeved shirt with an overlapping V-neck, usually with a breast pocket and two side pockets at about waist level, similar to a lab coat. Furthermore, there are open tunic, sleeveless, half-sleeved or full-sleeved, which are longer similar to a doctor's coat.


Lamination: Another name for bonding (see there).


Goblet collar: The goblet collar joins a V-neckline in the shape of a goblet, but with a silhouette that curves slightly outward.


Classic designs: Classic designs are traditional patterns of men's fashion such as pinstripes, glencheck, houndstooth or pepita.


Colonial style: See safari style.


Coloring: The coloring and combination of different colors in colorful designs is also called coloring.


Tapered shape: Originally, it was only pants that had a tapered, or V-shaped, cut that narrowed toward the foot. Now the conical shape is also used for dresses and skirts.


Contrast trim: Different colored, shaping stripes at the neck and sleeve ends and at the hem of a garment.


Twill: Along with plain weave and satin weave, twill weave is one of the three basic weave types for woven fabrics. Twill weaves can be identified by the diagonal ridge and have slightly elastic properties. The best-known fabric in twill weave is denim, the blue and white jeans fabric.


Crocodile Look: A leather look with slight irregular bumps and a glossy finish that mimics the texture and look of crocodile skins.


Cummerbund: The cummerbund is worn as an accessory by men around the waist and is, according to its function, a body bandage. In England, the cummerbund, or cumberbund, was worn from the year 1893 as an alternative to the vest with the evening suit, while in continental European countries it became increasingly popular from 1930. Classically, the gentleman wears a black cummerbund with a matching bow tie or bow tie with his tuxedo. The waistband should be covered when wearing a tuxedo, which is described in the invitation to festive occasions as a dress code with the term "black tie". Although there are now also colored versions, the cummerbund should always be worn in black for official occasions.


Labcoat: A coat in the style of a lab coat. Especially in high-fashion women's fashion, this variant of a light coat is a casual alternative to more classic types of coats.


Lacqué: A glossy to matte fabric with a lacquer or leather-like coating.


Layered look: garments of different lengths, worn playfully but skillfully on top of each other.


Lambswool: Genuine lambswool, which is particularly soft and fine because it comes from the first shearing of six-month-old lambs.


Laminate: Wafer-thin films, so-called membranes, are applied to the outer or lining fabric or interlining material or lie as a middle layer between the outer and lining fabric. In this way, waterproofing and windproofing are achieved with simultaneous breathability. See also: membrane.


Lamb suede: A type of suede from lamb. Here the wool side is shorn short and flat and represents the inside on the garment.


Lasercut: Laser cutting of textiles is a modern and very precise process that enables fast processing of electronic data. CO2 lasers are often used here, which enable tool-free, contactless and therefore distortion-free textile cutting. With lasercut, there is no need for additional templates made of cardboard or paper, as the cutting takes place directly in the material. The seams are processed with open edges so that the seam edges cannot fray.


Latex: Latex consists of rubber, which is obtained as milk from tropical trees. Thus, latex is a natural product that serves as the basis for rubber threads and rubber skin, which are then processed accordingly.


Layering: Layering is also colloquially called "Zwiebellook". Several items of clothing are worn in layers on top of each other - either for thermal insulation or for fashion reasons.


Imitation leather: Imitation leathers are microfiber composites, such as amaretta, that are coated or specially treated woven and knitted fabrics with a leather-like surface so that they can be used instead of real leather.


Linen: Natural linen is made from certain fibers of the flax plant. Short fibers can be made into rope, while long fibers are used to make linen. Some linen products come in a characteristic "rough" state, while others are bleached after weaving and then dyed. Fabrics made from pure linen wrinkle a lot, which is why linen is often combined with other materials. A special feature of linen fabrics is their extraordinary strength. The cool feel, smoothness, light sheen and low heat retention make linen the perfect fiber for high-quality summer clothing. The wrinkles that form when worn emphasize the casually elegant character of linen clothing.


Lingerie look: The lingerie look plays with elements from the lingerie sector: sometimes the bra peeks through the transparent top, sometimes it is the lace top that peeks out from under the blazer or is worn in contrast to the jeans trousers.


Loafer: The loafer is a slip-on shoe with a heel and is similar to the loafer. However, the loafer has special details that make it its own shoe model. Thus, loafers are usually made of leather, the sole is firm and always has a heel. The so-called college shoe was the first loafer ever. It was first produced in America in 1910. American college students wore it as a fashion highlight and helped the loafer in this way to great fame, until it even became a cult shoe. Today, the loafer as a low shoe to slip in belongs to the timeless shoes and looks in the business context as well as to casual looks. In the past, the loafer was considered a men's shoe only, but today it is also highly coveted by fashion-conscious women, because the loafer can be combined in many different ways and has long since become a classic.


Hole embroidery: A variant of embroidery lace. Here, small holes embroidered around form the pattern.


Loden: Loden is made from natural wool, which is processed in many elaborate steps. The result is a yarn that is woven into a woolen fabric and then rolled. Fulling refers to the "kneading" of the wet fabric until it felts. This creates properties that make the traditional fabric a natural functional fabric: the woolen fabric thickens and natural weather protection is created. The material warms, breathes and regenerates.
Pure new wool from Austrian mountain sheep is used for genuine loden. Fine wool such as alpaca, merino, angora or cashmere is often added to finish the fabric.


Logo: A logo is a sign or pictogram with which a company represents itself and which serves as a recognition feature. The logo can consist only of the company name, a pictogram, or a combination of both.


Logo Pattern: Logo pattern uses the logo of a fashion company as a pattern, such as Louis Vuitton bags.


Longjacket: Also called a long jacket, a longer version of a jacket that reaches at least above the buttocks.


Loungewear: Often referred to as homewear, loungewear as a term stands for casual, comfortable clothing that is worn during leisure time but is still fashionable.


Lumber Jacket: Also called a lumberjack jacket. A short, rustic, transitional jacket that is usually borrowed from the look of large plaid lumberjack shirts.


Luster: A fine luster or shimmer similar to pearls.


Lurex: Lurex is a ribbon-shaped yarn which is made from polyester yarn vaporized with aluminum. This gives the yarn a metallic sheen. Lurex is often used as an incorporated effect material in carnival costumes or for the seams of special stockings.


Selling luxury: This means selling high-priced goods that not everyone can afford and dealing with the wealthy customer in a correspondingly special way.


Lycra-Soft: A special spandex fiber from the manufacturer DuPont that gives Lycra stockings or bodywear the desired shaping power, but is more comfortable to wear than conventional Lycra. The so-called "soft stretch principle" exerts almost always the same pressure on the body when sitting or standing.


Lyocell process: A production process by which wood cellulose-based man-made fibers can be manufactured. Compared to viscose, acetate or cupro, the lyocell process means a somewhat more environmentally friendly method. The best known product made from the Lyocell process is Tencel. Its properties are a woolly or cottony feel, it combines well with natural fibers and is easy to care for and comfortable to wear.



Madeira Embroidery: Hole embroidery in fine batiste is a traditional craft on the island of Madeira, after which this type of embroidery is named.


Madras check: Originally from the Indian province of Madras, this cotton variegated fabric has a large, colorful check pattern. The use of different colors in the weft and warp direction gives the pattern a special, irregular appearance and thus differs from the classic regular check. Madras check is considered a classic among check patterns and is mostly offered in fashionable, pastel colors such as shades of cream, beige, light apricot and peach.


Macramé: A knotting technique with Arabic origins. Cords or leather straps are knotted into elaborate patterns, which can create beautiful effects on belts, bags and the like.


Maritime colors: Maritime colors include the clear colors familiar from sports, signal red and signal yellow, royal blue and navy blue, and white.


Maritime look: This style is always shown in a certain color scheme: the traditional white, red and dark blue. Stripes in particular are the symbol of the maritime style, but also dots & plains are always present and essential for the elegant look, which is inspired by the French Riviera.


Awning stripes: Awning stripes are wide, colored block stripes on a white background.


Marlene trousers: straight-cut, wide-leg trousers with pleats and lapels named after actress Marlene Dietrich.


Matelassé: Matelassé or also piqué means as much as "padded" or "quilted". Originally, the term (French matelas = mattress) refers to a padded fabric. While in the early days it probably only meant two fabrics joined together by weaving or embroidery, the term is now also used for padded variants. Therefore, matelassé today is a collective term for all relief fabrics - mostly jacquard patterned - for the production of which no crepe or shrink yarn is used. On the other hand, matelassé also refers to fabrics quilted in relief.


Material mix: In the material mix, different materials are combined with each other.


Melange: Melange refers to single yarn, twisted yarn, woven or knitted fabric made from fibers of different colors. Here, a two-color is called bicolor and a multicolor is called multicolor.


Membrane: Membranes are wafer-thin films that are inserted between the outer fabric and the lining. When these films are bonded to the outer fabric or lining, it is called a laminate. As a result, outdoor clothing becomes waterproof and windproof due to the membrane, but remains breathable so that moisture can penetrate to the outside.


Mercerizing: Mercerizing (or mercerizing) uses caustic soda and tensile stress to enhance the natural luster of cotton fibers. The sheen obtained by this process is resistant to washing and the treated cotton acquires greater tear strength, but loses stretch.


Metallics: Colors with a metallic effect, often gold, silver, or copper tones.


Microdessins: Very small woven or printed patterns.


Microfiber: In technical jargon, the term microfiber (also microfine) refers to all synthetic fibers with a fineness of less than one decitex. This technical unit of measurement refers to a ratio of the length to the density of the fiber: one decitex (dtex) means that 10,000 meters of this fiber weigh only one gram. These fibers and threads made from man-made fibers such as polyester or polyamide are therefore finer than the finest natural thread made from silk. Millions of microfine fibers form a fabric through which wind and rain can penetrate only with difficulty. Nevertheless, body moisture can penetrate from the inside to the outside.


Military style: In the 60s and 70s, the anti-war movement discovered the cameo look for itself. In the course of this trend, high-ranking fashion designers like Jean Paul Gaultier created very stylish camouflage outfits and thus paved the way for camouflage patterns into the closets of the fashion-conscious. However, even if camouflage patterns are dispensed with, military style describes a sporty style inspired by military uniforms.


Milky Washed: An extremely light bleached denim that already tends to white.


Millefleurs: The term comes from the French and means "thousand flowers". It means an allover pattern with very densely scattered small flowers.


Reduction: The reduction of the number of stitches during knitting is achieved by knitting the stitches together. The resulting reduction places are clearly visible in the knitted fabric and are considered a sign of quality for goods knitted very precisely in shape, which are also called fully fashioned goods.


Minimalism: A simple cut and design characterizes the minimalist style, which is also called purism.


Minimizer: A minimizer is a bra that is practically the opposite of a push-up: It is specially designed for large bust sizes and visually reduces the breasts by up to one cup size.


Modal: Modal is one of the viscose fibers and belongs to the family of so-called regenerated fibers. The material Modal is synthetically obtained natural fibers from 100% natural cellulose from beech wood. However, some processes for its production are very resource-intensive. Modal is often processed in blends with other raw materials.


Mohair: Mohair is the name given to the hair of the Angora goat (also mohair goat), which is one of the lightest textile fibers of all - not to be confused with Angora wool, which comes from rabbits. The long white curly coat of the Angora goat is particularly silky and soft and is much sought after in the textile industry, especially as a high-quality worsted fabric for clothing such as men's suits, and has a noble sheen.


Moccasin: Originally, the moccasin was the shoe of the Indians, a soft slip-on shoe made of leather without a heel, where the upper is passed around under the foot. Today, genuine moccasins are rarely offered that have all the hallmarks of this type of shoe: There is no longer a separate insole.


Moleskin: Moleskin, also called English leather or pilot, is a strong, durable, yet soft cotton fabric used primarily for men's pants. The weave of the fabric is a twill or weft atlas weave with high weft density and low warp density. In this case, the warp is usually twisted yarn, and the weft is soft twisted yarn. Often the fabric is sanded and roughened on one or both sides.


Monochrome: The use of only one color, for example, when combining different materials and surfaces in the same color shade.


Mouliné: A mouliné is a multicolored twisted yarn. For this purpose, at least two yarns of different colors are twisted, resulting in a color effect of at least two colors.
Mouliné yarn is very uniform and easy to work with. Depending on the colors and yarn counts used, different color and texture effects can be achieved. A mouliné can also be made as a yarn dyer from a raw yarn and is then called an overdyed mouliné.


Multicolor: Multi-colored fabrics, yarns or materials.


Pinstripes: Pinstripes are a classic pattern for men's suits, but pinstripes are now also used in women's fashion for blazers, skirts, pantsuits or culottes. In this case, fabrics are basically dark and have light, pin-fine longitudinal stripes that are spaced at small intervals. In the past, the pinstripe was a fabric for the strict business look, but today it is more often combined in street style casual and casual.


Needle-pull pattern: A pattern with slightly transparent longitudinal ribs. It is created by setting out one or more needles on the knitting or warp knitting machines.


Napoleon collar: Emperor Napeolen and his soldiers wore uniforms with high stand-up collars in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Today, stand-up collars with stays and sometimes hook closures are modeled on this example.


Nappa leather: Nappa leather is a general term for leather made from hides of various animals that is processed with the hair side facing out, i.e. grain side. Examples are aniline leather, semi-aniline leather or covered leather. Nappa leather is a soft, chrome-tanned, full-grain smooth leather. Originally, nappa leather was exclusively a name for glove and garment leather named after the Napa Valley in the USA. This leather was characterized by a special softness. Today, nappa leather is a collective term for particularly supple smooth leather of all animal species and for all purposes. Many manufacturers use the term to suggest a particularly good quality or a special softness. However, the term is not clearly defined or protected, so there is no assurance that the leather so named is actually special quality or particularly soft leather.


Napping: Suede with a rough surface can be sanded and smoothed to give it a smooth finish. This process is called napping.


Natural Stretch: Unlike conventional stretch fabrics, Natural Stretch fabrics are made from 100 percent cotton. A stretch effect is achieved through a special type of weaving and technical finishing, so that no elastane yarn has to be woven in. Shirts made of Natural Stretch have a high wearing comfort.


Naturals: Fabrics, yarns and fabrics in natural colors.


Nautical look: See maritime look.


Neoprene: Neoprene is a purely synthetic material developed in the 1930s. In addition to diving suits, neoprene can also be found in tires and inner tubes - but the thick, padded fabric with its structured look and excellent insulating properties has also long since found its way into the world of fashion: in addition to airy garments such as dresses, pants, skirts and tops, the scratch-resistant, weatherproof fabric is also used for winter and outdoor clothing. A neoprene lining adds extra padding to shoes, laptop and tablet sleeves for added comfort and security.


Neutrals: fabrics, textiles and yarns in understated colors that go with everything.


New Menswear: This modern men's fashion fills the space between the very young, trendy fashion and the classic men's fashion.


Nicky: Nicky fabric has a high cotton content, which makes the fabric very skin-friendly and comfortable to wear. The fabric is smooth on the back and fluffy, velvety, matte or shiny on the top, depending on the material and processing.


Norwegian pattern: Norwegian patterns are knitted in two or more colors with motifs such as ice crystals, reindeer or fir trees often arranged in a border-like manner mainly in sweaters. The tradition of Norwegian patterns originates from Setesdal in southern Norway and dates back at least to the middle of the 19th century.


NOS program: Models that can be constantly called up from stock by manufacturers and are therefore always available are part of their NOS program. The term comes from the English "Never out of stock".


Nubuck: Nubuck is the name given to a type of finish for the finest light leathers. Accordingly, a fine suede that is slightly abraded on the grain side, giving it a velvety character, is also so designated. Nubuck is primarily used for high-quality leather clothing, shoes and gloves.


Nude look: Today, the nude look is a "flesh tone" look where all the colors resemble the skin tone. Originally, it meant that the body shows through under a transparent fabric.


Nylon: Nylon was the first fabric to be produced entirely synthetically in the mid-1930s. It was invented by DuPont de Nemours and Company in Wilmington, USA. In 1938, the first nylon products - initially toothbrushes - appeared on the market. The famous nylon stockings followed a short time later. Since then, it has been impossible to imagine fashion without nylon as a sturdy all-rounder, because the fabric is characterized by high stability and stretchability. Nylon is particularly easy to care for, hard-wearing, does not wrinkle and dries quickly.


Office fashion: Correct clothing with which one is suitably dressed in everyday office life. See also business fashion.


Off-white: An ivory-like, off-white color


Oilskin: Since the 19th century, oilskin has referred to a weatherproof outer garment used in seafaring to protect the wearer from wetness and wind. Originally, this clothing was made of a linen fabric whose surface was impregnated with oil, often linseed oil, to make it waterproof.


Opaque: The term comes from the French and refers to an opaque fabric.


Op Art - Patterns: Op Art or Optical Art is an art movement from the second half of the 20th century. The strictly geometric patterns of this style can appear three-dimensional or simulate movement and can be found on woven and machine fabrics or as inlays in knitwear.


Opulent: Lush, richly appointed.


Organza: Organza is the name given to a very transparent and iridescent fabric. It is made from filament yarns such as organza silk, but also synthetic fibers that are woven into a canvas weave. Organza is mostly used for evening or occasion fashion.


Ornamental design: An ornament is an artfully intertwined decorative form that can be found in every cultural area and in every stylistic epoch. These are regarded as models and sources of inspiration for current print designs.


Ottoman fabric: The origin of the term Ottoman refers to the Turkish Sultan Othman, who founded the Ottoman Empire. "Ottoman" means as much as "originating from Turkey".
Ottoman fabric can be made of cotton, linen or viscose and is both soft and resistant. With the naked eye you can see the cross ribs, which are more or less fine depending on the manufacture and model. Its rib weave is justified by a large number of warp threads and some thicker weft threads. Ottoman fabric is synonymous with luxury and prestige.


Outdoor fashion or outerwear: a weatherproof, usually sporty-casual clothing for outdoors.


Outfit: Outfit means the clothing, equipment or outfit that determines the external appearance.


Outlast: Outlast is a fabric that has a climate regulating property. The trick is in mircoscopically small, encapsulated kerosene beads. These melt when the wearer sweats. This stores excess heat and returns it to the wearer as needed.


Jumpsuit: A one-piece suit that includes the top and pants in one piece.


Overdressed: Someone is overdressed when they are dressed too fastidiously and thus inappropriately for a particular occasion.


Overjacket: A very casually cut men's jacket, mainly intended to be worn over.


Overlock seam: A seam used for neatening edges and sewing together stretch fabrics because it is particularly stretchy.


Overshirt: The overshirt is also called shirt jacket and is in cut and material a mixture of the classic men's shirt and a light jacket.


Oversized: A garment that is oversized, which can be quite intentional.


Oxford: Oxford is a strong multicolored cotton fabric in plain weave with a slightly shimmering look, named after the English city of Oxford.



Sequins: Sequins are small, glittering plastic platelets that are embroidered or glued mainly on women's clothing and accessories.


Paisley: Paisley or paisley pattern is the name for an abstract, decorative fabric pattern that represents the Persian boteh pattern. In its basic form, it represents a leaf with a pointed, curved end in the manner of a large comma and is reminiscent of the fish bubble ornament of the Gothic period.


Paletot: A paletot is a very elegant, three-quarter length and figure-hugging single or double-breasted coat with a lapel collar. It was originally a city coat for men, but is now also popular with women.


Panneaux: A panneaux is a motif print that extends across the entire width of the fabric and thus usually runs across the entire garment. Panneaux is often seen as a border print, where the motifs are spread generously across the fabric.


Panne velvet: Panne velvet means a special flat pressed velvet. Panne velvet is reflective and shiny. It is therefore also called mirror velvet or cylinder velvet.


Mule: A mule is a slip-on shoe open at the heel, often also at the toes, similar to the slipper.


Pareo: The pareo is a large, printed beach towel that can be wrapped around the waist. There are many ways to drape and knot the cloth to create dress or skirt shapes.


Parka: The parka is a long, often lined anorak or also poplin coat with hood, in some models also separately to button on. The word parka comes from the language of the Eskimos, the Inuktitut - there parqaaq means "heat".


Pashmina: "Pashmina" is generally understood to mean a thin cloth made either of pure cashmere or, more commonly, of cashmere and silk. Conceptually, the term goes back to the Persian stem "pashm," which means "wool." In North India and Nepal, the term "pashmina" derived from this stands for the most famous precious hair there, cashmere wool. Pashmina therefore means nothing other than "product made of cashmere wool". Because of the (swelling) silk content, Pashimna cloths should be used with caution in the rain, stains can occur.


Piping: Narrow edging tape that can be found on pockets, neckline edges or as a decorative element. The piping can be made of the same material as the garment or, as a contrast, of a different material.


Patchwork: Patterns that look like or are composed of the most diverse pieces of fabric with different patterns and colors.


Patina: Term used to describe an aged appearance produced either by actual aging or by appropriate treatment.


Flap pocket: A flap pocket is a cut pocket whose opening is covered by a flap, i.e. flap.


Fur velour: lambskins whose inside is treated velour-like and whose hair side is warming inside.


Fur trim: Fur trim refers to fur trim on collars, lapels, sleeves, front edges or hems.


Penny loafer: The penny loafer or college shoe was first produced in America in 1910. Just 20 years later, the uncomplicated-to-wear loafers became popular among students at the elite Ivy League universities. There, the loafer also received its current name "penny loafer".


Pepita: Pepita is a small, two-tone plaid pattern that is bias-shifted and looks a bit frayed.


Perforation: A punched hole pattern, for example on leather goods or rarely on leather jackets.


Persian: Persian is the name given to the curly coat of very young lambs of the Karakul sheep.


Pepper & Salt pattern: This pattern is a real classic in black/white or gray/white - but it can also be brown/beige. The use of light gray and black warp and weft threads creates a fabric that is structured in itself, and the pattern is stair- or step-like. When using light brown and dark brown threads, it is also called sugar & cinnamon.


Pique: A woven or knitted fabric with a fine or pronounced waffle-like structure.


Pilling: Pilling is the undesirable formation of nodules in textiles. This is caused by friction, which can lead to the formation of knot-like fiber thickening in certain fabrics or knitwear.


Pilot shirt: The pilot shirt is a textile men's shirt that fits closely to the body and is predominantly tailored, in long-sleeved or short-sleeved variants. Typical of pilot shirts are the pockets sewn on at chest level. Pilot shirts also have shoulder straps. The collars are usually reinforced, so that a high form stability is achieved.


Plaid check: A variegated check imitating the Scottish clan colors, originally used by them mainly on blankets and throws. Today plaid plaid is often used on coat or jacket linings.


Plastron: The plastron is a decorative cloth for the gentleman, wider than a tie. It can be decorated with a pearl pin and is worn exclusively with a shirt with an elegant flapped collar. In America and England, a cut with plastron is considered official wedding attire for groom and guests.


Placed print: Placed print is the printing of a motif on a specific part of a garment and is thus the opposite of the all-over design.


Pleated: Pleated refers to narrow, side-by-side pleats that are pressed into the fabric and, in the case of man-made fiber fabrics, hold permanently.


Plush: The plush is an imitation fur made of synthetics or natural fibers. The pile length is more than 2 mm. Plush can be produced as knitted or woven fabric.


Pochette: Actually, the pochette is a pocket square, which in festive men's fashion is color-coordinated with the bow tie and the vest or cummerbund, and often has the same pattern. In women's fashion, a pochette is a small bag made of fabric or leather, in which little more than such a pocket square fits.


Polo shirt / polo shirt: A polo shirt or polo shirt is a shirt with a ribbed collar and sleeves with elastic cuffs that are also ribbed. It is a classic of sportswear, but is also used as a uniform garment for workers and as casual wear.


Polyacrylic: Like polyester, polyacrylic is a petroleum-based synthetic fiber consisting of polymerized acrylic fibers. The fibers of polyacrylic are bulky, voluminous, have a wool-like character and are therefore often blended with wool: in combination with polyacrylic, wool does not felt as quickly and is easier to care for. Polyacrylic and wool are used to make soft fabrics that are wrinkle-resistant, lightfast and weatherproof.


Polyamide: Polyamide is a synthetic man-made fiber or synthetic fiber that is often used for clothing such as women's stockings or sportswear. It consists of carbon atoms, which in turn are derived from petroleum. Depending on the cross-section, polyamide fibers can be matte to shiny or coarse puffy to fine. Polyester is quick-drying and also wrinkle-resistant, dimensionally stable and easy to care for. It is therefore ideal for sportswear, swimwear, dresses, costumes, underwear and scarves.


Polyester: Polyester is a fabric made of synthetic fibers, which is now one of the most popular clothing fabrics due to its uncomplicated nature. The extremely small pores make the microfiber very dense and thus repellent to dirt or water - one reason why it is often used for outdoor clothing. The lining of winter coats or parkas is also often made of polyester, as the warmth is trapped inside. But the versatile material is also often used for blouses, shirts or shirts. Through various finishing methods, polyester can be processed into soft flowing or semi-transparent fabrics.


Polyurethane coating: Coating of woven and knitted fabrics, giving them relative weather resistance.


Poplin: Originally, poplin was understood to mean a crepe fabric made of silk and wool. Since the 20th century, however, the term poplin has been used for a dense fabric made of various materials (cotton, linen, wool or synthetic fiber yarns) in plain weave and refers only to the structure of the fabric: a very dense warp is contrasted with a plump weft, which creates the characteristic ribbing.


Pork suede: suede from the pig.


Protection: English term for "protection".


Pucci print: Pucci print is a graphic print design with curvy, round, fanciful shapes in bright colorways. Italian fashion designer Pucci first created these patterns on silk jersey.


Slipover: Sleeveless sweater worn under blouses, shirts or shirts.


Pumps: Pumps are wide cut women's shoes with comfortable block or high spiked heels.


Pure-Look /Puristic Look: This style comes across as emphatically simple and uses pure shapes, colors and materials.


Purism / purist: In fashion, purist means emphatically simple and clear in design.


Push: English for push forward.


Push-up: Push-up literally means to push up, to push up. A push-up bra is accordingly a padded bra that supports the breast laterally and from below to emphasize the shape and simulate more volume.


Pajama pants: Wide pajama style pants made of lightweight fabrics with a tunnel or elastic waistband.


Python optics: optics of the skin structure of a python snake.


Raglan sleeve: The raglan sleeve is a special type of sleeve on tops. Here, the sleeve is not inserted into an arm ball, as is the case with the classic sleeve, but extends diagonally up to the neckline.


Repeat: The repeat is the smallest possible unit of weave or pattern. The pattern field (repeat) is repeated regularly over the entire fabric.


Diamond pattern: A diamond is a square standing on its tip, similar to the playing card "check". Lozenges are used as an all-over pattern or placed as a decorative element. Diamond patterns are a typical design in intarsia sweaters. Special forms of the diamond pattern are the argyle design and the well-known Burlington pattern.


Raw Denim: Raw denim is also known as dry denim and is a stiff, unwashed denim that has been dyed with indigo. Raw denim gets its own unique properties only through wear and tear, when wrinkles form on the seat or at the back of the knees and natural abrasion leaves its mark on the back pockets, knees, seams and hems. The more the jeans are worn, the more distinctive is the individual used look that appears on the fabric after a while. True aficionados wear their raw jeans in for 6 months to a year without washing them, so that distinct signs of use form (the so-called "breaking in") and the color is not washed out evenly right from the start. Against the smell, the jeans can be put in the freezer overnight, this kills bad-smelling bacteria. Since the pants are completely unwashed, they can both shrink and discolor.


Redingote: The name for this knee-length ladies coat comes from the English "Riding Coat", which was mistakenly called "Redingote" by Frenchmen. Accordingly, the coat was used as a riding coat in 18th century England. It usually has a relatively high set waist, a lapel and swings in the lower part like a skirt. Since it is made of warming, weatherproof fabrics, the redingote can be worn even in the depths of winter.


Retro sports look: Retro sports look clothing imitates the traditional clothing originally European sports such as tennis, cricket, golf or sailing.


Retro style / retro look: a style inspired by the fashion of times gone by.


Reversible: Can be worn on both sides.


Rips: Thanks to the ribbed structure, the rep fabric has a slightly shiny look and a natural feel. Due to the material composition of polyester and cotton, the material is pleasant to the skin and at the same time crease-resistant and easy to clean. Rep is a very versatile fabric and is therefore also used in many textile areas.


Ripstop: Ripstop refers to fabrics that are woven using a special technique and are particularly tear-resistant. In this process, thicker threads are integrated into the otherwise thinner fabric at intervals of normally five to eight millimeters. This gives the fabric a more or less clearly recognizable "rake box" structure.


Skinny pants: A skinny pant is a tightly cut pant and is often made of stretch material. Unlike denim leggings ("jeggings") or skinny jeans, skinny pants are cut slightly wider at the leg. At the waist, on the other hand, they are tight-fitting and thus more figure-hugging than the slim fit jeans.


Roman stripes: Roman stripe design shirts alternate wide stripes, mostly white, with colored stripes. Roman stripes are wider than sister stripes (see there).


Ruffle: A ruffle is a decorative element consisting of a pleated or crimped strip of fabric sewn to skirts, blouses, necklines and cuffs.



Sabots: The French term sabot (French for hoof) was originally used only to describe wooden shoes. The English term for this type of shoe is clogs. However, the scope of meaning of both terms has since expanded considerably and has long ceased to refer exclusively to clogs. In women's fashion, sabots are now summer sandals or sandals with wooden soles. They can be sporty with a footbed or feminine with spiked and wedge heels and colorful, decorative uppers.


Safari style: The safari style refers to a fashion direction that is based on the uniforms of earlier, mainly English colonial officers and officials. Typical of safari style are belted, long jackets with four large patch pockets on the front. This is varied for jackets, blouses, shirts and dresses.


Safety pocket: The safety pocket is the practical inside pocket on coats or jackets and usually has a Velcro, button or zipper closure.


Velvet: Velvet has always been one of the noblest qualities of the fashion world. For example, medieval dress codes specified exactly who was allowed to adorn themselves with velvet. Violations were severely punished. Even today, velvet - especially the matt, shimmering, fine-pile cotton velvet - is one of the highest-quality fabrics fashion has to offer. Velvet has a pile up to 2mm high and is processed against the grain.


Sartorial manufacturing: Sartorial means "tailor-like" and comes from the Italian sarto, "the tailor". Accordingly, sartorial manufacturing means garments made by small family businesses where the tailoring craft is still cultivated. No industrial mass production takes place here. Sartorial production is always recognizable, for example, by the hand-sewn hems in the best couture tradition.


Satin: Satin shines like silk, but is a fabric made of viscose, synthetic materials like polyester or a mix of materials. Satin is made in what is known in the trade as an atlas weave, which makes the top of the satin fabric subtly to strongly shiny and the underside matte.


Saddle skirt: A saddle skirt is a skirt with a tight-fitting hip part.


Saxony: fabric with worsted yarn in the longitudinal direction and carded yarn in the transverse direction.


Bell-bottom tro users: A pair of trousers especially popular at the end of the 1960s and in the 1970s, which become significantly wider from the knee, i.e. they widen downwards in a trapezoidal shape. The foot width is therefore very large and "beats" when walking.


Sash blouse: a sash blouse has a cut-out scarf part that is tied into a bow.


Slip-on shirt: The slip-on shirt does not have a continuous closure strip, so it must be put on over the head.


Sanding: To give a fabric a soft and velvety feel, its surface is sanded. This process is called emerizing.


Pure new wool: The term "pure new wool" refers exclusively to wool qualities that come directly from shearing and from live sheep without any admixture. Only this quality is distinguished by the International Wool Secretariat with the wool seal and the description "Pure New Wool". Pure new wool is available - depending on the processing and type of wool - in particularly fine qualities such as Merino extra fine or rustic qualities for thick, hand-knitted sweaters, carpets and the like. Pure new wool is temperature-regulating, breathable. It cools in summer and warms in winter.


Nurse Stripes: Fine, even strips of fabric in color with white, often blue or gray with white, modeled after the type of blouses worn by hospital nurses, which is where the name comes from.


Seamless: In underwear fashion in particular, models are called seamless if they have no side seams and very flat edges, for example seamless bra cups. This means that the underwear does not show under tighter-fitting outerwear.


Second-hand look: Also called used look, the second-hand look refers to fashion that looks like it has been worn for a long time.


Seersucker: cotton fabric or cotton blend fabric with crepe effect obtained by varying warp tension and blending high and low shrinkage yarns.


Silk: Silk is an animal fiber. It is obtained from the cocoons of the silkworm, the larva of the silkworm moth. Silk is the only textile continuous fiber found in nature and is composed primarily of protein. The fiber is very light and supple, very tear-resistant, temperature-balancing, absorbent, antistatic and has a noble appearance Depending on the finish and aggravation, it may be sensitive to perspiration and sunlight and may wrinkle more or less.


Semi Shirt / Semidress Shirt: A shirt that looks neat and elegant, yet sportier than the classic dress shirt.


Semi-transparency: In semi-transparency, dense and transparent areas alternate in the outfit or pattern.


Shades: Another name for sunglasses.


Shantung: Shantung is a type of silk fabric and originates from the Chinese province of Shandong. It resembles Dupioni, but is slightly thinner and less irregular. Shantung is often used for wedding dresses.


Shirt: Classically, a shirt is a short-sleeved shirt made of jersey with a round neckline. However, today shirts exist with the most diverse neckline and sleeve variations.


Skater pants: Wide, casual pants made of sturdy materials, which were originally worn by skateboarders. Baggy pants are a variant of skater pants.


Slinky: Slinky fabric is made without polyester, only crepe acetate and viscose blends are used. Slinky is knitted, which means that it is made of stitches that can be stretched. As a result, the material is correspondingly elastic and falls softly.


Slipon: A slipon coat is a lightweight city or town coat that is worn as a weather coat, preferably in the transitional season. It has a straight cut with raglan or low-set sleeves, concealed button placket, collar and very small lapel.


Loafers: Sporty, flat shoes to slip on without lacing.


Smock: A smock is an outer garment traditionally worn in parts of England and Wales in the 18th century by farm workers, especially shepherds and wagon drivers. The cut of the smock is also known from painters' smocks worn by artists in the 18th and 19th centuries.


Tuxedo: The tuxedo originated in the English gentlemen's smoking salons at the end of the 19th century. In America, the tuxedo is known as the Tuxedo. The black, single-breasted tuxedo with shawl collar is appropriate for social events after 3 p.m. - also available in double-breasted and fashionable variations in new colors. The vest or cummerbund are color-coordinated, the shirt always remains classic white. For weddings, operas, concerts, dances and official receptions. On invitations, the dress code with "black tie" asks to wear tuxedo.


Tuxedo trousers: Tuxedo trousers are plain trousers that match the color of the tuxedo, without turn-ups or pleats. Classically, they have two Galon stripes on the outer sides.


Sneakers: Originally, sneakers was the name for athletic shoes made of canvas. Today, however, sneakers is considered a general generic term for sneakers worn on the street, but not for sports.


Sparkling effect: The effect of perlon or nylon yarns that act like a prism due to their cross-section and glitter strongly in daylight as well as in artificial light.


Spade collar: The spade collar is an angular variant of the shawl collar, a trapezoidal shake-out collar.


Spencer combination: Spencer is the name given to a tight-fitting, waist-short jacket. The name is said to go back to the inventor, George Spencer, the 2nd Earl Spencer, and originated at the end of the 18th century. The Spencer jacket is worn with trousers in the current style, a white shirt with an elegant flapped collar, a colored bow tie with a matching pochette, and a cummerbund or more fashionable vest. The whole ensemble is called a Spencer combination.


Lace: Lace is an openwork, airy textile made in different techniques as allover or edge finish. In the past, lace was an expensive and precious handicraft that was passed down. Nowadays, special machines produce a wide variety of lace types, such as bobbin lace, embroidery, tulle, fillet, crochet and guipure lace.


Pointed collar: Pointed collar is a pointed collar and lapel shape on jackets, suits and coats.


Sportswear: Sportswear is casual sporty leisure wear, often based on sports fashion and often with logos and prints of well-known sports brands.


Dustcoat: A dustcoat, also called a duster, is a light summer coat for women or men that is not necessarily weatherproof. It is usually unlined or with English trim made of relatively dense, particularly lightweight fabrics and low overall weight wide cut, with or without a belt. Light, neutral colors are typical.


Pocketed pocket: A horizontal or only slightly slanted pocket.


Stitch hair: A wool fabric in which individual hairs stick out and are spun into the yarn as an effect is called stitch hair.


Stole: A stole is a large, shawl-like wraparound.


Stoned: Stoned is a short form for the English "stonewashed". This type of washing achieves interesting surface effects on fabrics. It is mainly used for denim, but also for other cotton fabrics.


Rhinestones: Rhinestones are made of cut glass and imitate the sparkle and glitter of diamonds.


Streetwear: Streetwear is a style inspired by everyday fashion worn on the street.


Carded yarn: Unlike worsted yarn, the fibers in carded yarn are not arranged in parallel, but rather jumbled. This gives the yarn a woolly, rough surface with small irregularities. The fabrics made of carded yarn are soft, warm and have a large volume. They can be very well napped or tumbled.


Stretch: Term used for elastic fabric that is given elasticity by twisting the finest elastic yarn (spandex) with inelastic yarn. Fabrics can be cross-elastic, lengthwise elastic and elastic in both directions (bi-elastic), the latter being the most expensive. Stretch is excellent for skin-tight and body-hugging cuts. High-quality stretch fabrics ideally combine high wearing comfort with a permanently good fit. Since they crease very little, they hardly need ironing after washing. Clothing with stretch components is particularly comfortable and pleasant with every movement. However, the spandex content should not be too high, otherwise the clothing can quickly become deformed.


Thong: An extremely skimpy brief that has a textile area only on the front, held together by ribbons.


Styling: A styling refers to the type and design of clothing.


Subtle: Delicate, fine.


Survival look: The survival look finds its particularity in the great functionality, especially in jackets and pants. These are made of weatherproof and durable fabrics and have many practical pockets in which necessary "survival utensils" can be stowed.


Sweatshirt: The sweatshirt is a comfortably cut sweater, usually made of cotton. Sweatshirt was originally the name for a sports sweater - accordingly, sweatshirts are sometimes tops of jogging suits. Sweatshirts with hood are also called hoodie or hooded sweater.


Synthetics: A collective term for fabrics and knitwear made from man-made fibers.



Tactel: Tactel is a registered trademark for a fabric made of polyamide. If you touch fabric made from Tactel fibers, you have the feeling of having cotton in your hands. The yarn is made from a large number of microfine polyamide continuous fibers. Tactel is often used in combination with cotton to achieve a high level of wearer comfort. The Tactel fabric results in a long service life and easy-care use. As a synthetic material, Tactel tends to become electrostatically charged - but this is compensated for by the combination with cotton.


Taffeta: Taffeta is a more or less stiff, shiny fabric made of silk or artificial silk, mainly used for lining a garment.


Tailleur: A Tailleur is a very figure-hugging, feminine costume.


Tanga: Very skimpy panties whose front and back parts are connected at the hips with ribbons or chains.


Tankini: The tankini combines a tank top, usually made of spandex-and-cotton or lycra-and-nylon, with a bikini bottom. The tankini was introduced the late 1990s.


Tapestry patterns: patterns in the style of old carpets or tapestries.


Camouflage patterns: Patchy-looking patterns in washed-out colors. Originally used by the military for camouflage, see Camouflage.


Handkerchief checks: As the name describes, these are handkerchief-sized checks, visible in one color through matte/gloss textures of the fabric - or standing out in color on a light background.


Taupe: A mole gray shade.


Techno-Cotton: A blended fabric made of cotton and polyamide or polyester. The advantage of techno-cotton is in the care: this fabric dries faster than pure cotton fabrics.


Techno-Denim: Denim fabric with synthetic admixture is called techno denim.


Techno Fabrics / Techno Look: Fabrics and clothing made of synthetic yarns or with coatings that appear technical-cool and artificial.


Teddy: Teddy is a plush fabric designed to imitate fur and has a long, standing pile.


Teflon coating: Originally, Teflon was an anti-stick protective film for pots and pans. The fashion industry also discovered the coating for wool fabrics from dirt, stains and moisture, without accepting changes in feel, color and texture. Thus, less frequent cleaning or washing of fabrics is required. The protective Teflon layer is reactivated by ironing.


Tencel: Tencel is the brand name of the English company Courtaulds for a chemical fiber based on cellulose, which is obtained in the lyocell process. Typical of Tencel fabrics are a silky feel and sheen, high dry and wet strength and low shrinkage.


Terracotta: In fashion, terracotta describes bright warm colors that look like those of natural-colored ceramics.


Thermal pants: pants equipped with fleece or roughened inside, which is made winter warm by this addition.


Tote Bag: "Tote" is an old English term meaning "to carry". Accordingly, a tote bag is a carrying or shopping bag, usually made of fabric, with two handles protruding from the sides.


Travel Coat: A travel coat is a travel coat.


Travelling: In fashion, this refers to comfortable clothing suitable for travel.


Trekking style: clothing in the style of functional mountaineering clothing made of durable fabrics; with many practical details.


Trench coat: The trench coat is a coat for any weather. Characteristic is the belt, the wide lapel and the tucker in the back. Other typical trench coat details are the buttoned walking slit, epaulettes, sleeve tabs and slanted push pockets.


Trench style: This style adopts elements of the trench coat.


Trend Fashion: fashion direction in young fashion.


Trendy: Trendy is what is "in" at the moment, i.e. what is hip.


Trevira: A brand name for polyester.


Triangle bra: A type of bra with cups in a triangle shape. Originally it was unlined, but now there are also variants with push-up and supportive function.


Triangle cut: A bikini top with triangular sliding cups.


Tricotine: This classic, smooth worsted fabric has steep, diagonal double ribs.


Tristesse: In fashion, tristesse refers to a dark and inconspicuous, "sad" colorlessness.


Trotteur: The term Trotteur refers to comfortable street shoes with a flat heel and large tread.


Troyer: a sweater with inset zipper collar, but fashionably left open.


Cloth: Woolly carded yarn in cloth weave with a felted surface due to fulling and napping, which no longer reveals the weave pattern.


Tulle: Transparent, net-like fabric with hexagonal, cell-like openings.


Tunic: Originally, the tunic was a garment worn directly on the body by men and women from Roman antiquity to the Middle Ages. Today, it refers to a particular fashion cut in women's fashion: a long, straight, shirt-like top that is often slit at the sides.


Tunnel waistband / drawstring: A drawstring is a small, sewn hem through which a ribbon or cord is pulled through. It is especially common on sweatpants, hoodies or jacket hoods. But a drawstring can also be attached to fabric pockets and sleeve cuffs.


Turnups: Coming from the English language, a turnup refers to a trouser turn-up.


Tuxedo: The American term for a tuxedo. This was introduced in 1889 in New York's Tuxedo Park by the famous dandy Criswold Corillard.


Tweed: Tweed is a fabric made from pure new wool and originated in the north of Scotland. The word probably comes from the typical structure called "twill" or "tweel" in Scotland: The fabric has a hand-woven character with a restless, woolly, even mottled surface. Colored knobs are typical for the "Noppentweed".


Tweed yarn: The tweed yarn has irregularities and nubs, which makes the yarn look like handspun.


Twill: Twill is also called twill weave and is - along with plain weave and satin weave - one of the three basic weave types for woven fabrics. Twill can be recognized by its diagonal ridge. The best-known fabric in twill weave is denim, the blue and white jeans fabric.


Twinset: A twinset is a two-piece set consisting of a sweater and a cardigan made of the same yarn and in the same color.


Two-in-one: In jacket and coat fashion, this means two styles in one, i.e. jacket or coat with removable vest over or underneath.


Submarine neckline: The submarine neckline originates from the navy and is borrowed from the uniform of submarine sailors, whose tops have a straight, wide neckline that can reach the shoulders and tapers to a point at the shoulder bones.


Ulster: winter coat with wide collar and larger lapels, often made of voluminous wool fabrics. The name comes from the Irish province of Ulster, which was famous for thick woolen fabrics.


Understatement: Understatement is the English word for understatement. In fashion, this refers to a noble, often very high-quality style, but is only recognizable at second glance. This type of fashion does without any showmanship.


Used look: Fabrics or clothing that are new yet look like they have been worn for a long time are called used look.


Velco closure: Other name for Velcro closure.


Velour: A wool fabric with a short, raised pile, usually with a dash. If the pile is higher, the fabric is called fleece.


Suede leather: Suede leather belongs to the so-called suede leathers. Characteristic of suede is the roughened, abraded velvety surface caused by grinding or sanding. The term "suede" is often mistakenly equated with suede, but this actually refers only to leather from wild animals.


Velvet: Velvet is the English name for velvet. In the German fashion industry, velvet usually refers to faux velvet, in which the pile is formed by the material used in the transverse direction (weft direction). However, it also occurs as a name for real velvet, where the pile is formed by the warp.


Velveton: Velveton is an imitation velvet with a roughened and sanded surface in the look of suede. Velveton is also called peach skin, peau-de-pèche or duvetine.


Trim: A fur or plush trim on the collar, lapels, sleeves, front edges and hems.


Vichy check: The Vichy check, also called gingham in English, is a uniformly square checked fabric in linen weave. Most of the time it is cotton. The pattern is woven and is created by stripes of equal width, which alternate lengthwise and crosswise (warp and weft threads).


Vintage look: The term "vintage" originally comes from the language of wine and means a particularly good vintage or a particularly exquisite wine. From this meaning, the term 'vintage' was eventually transferred and today describes quite generally things of older date, with the idea of a certain value (as with old wines) resonates. This can also mean furniture or vehicles - but the term has become established primarily as a style designation in fashion, i.e. for items of clothing, jewelry and accessories. It's essential to distinguish between pieces that are actually old (as a rule, pieces from the 1930s to 1970s are called vintage) and those that only appear to be old, such as new, washed-out and/or torn jeans.


Viscose: Viscose fibers are man-made fibers made from regenerated cellulose, which can be produced as filament yarn or also as staple fibers. They are spun industrially by the viscose process, the most commonly used wet-spinning process.


Nonwoven: Nonwoven is a textile product which, however, does not consist of yarns but of individual fibers. It is neither woven nor knitted and is therefore not a textile in the classic sense. Fleece can be made of many different materials and is a layer of fibers adhering to each other, which is used especially in outdoor fashion as a warming interlining between the outer and lining fabrics. Furthermore, the cohesive wool of a sheep is called fleece.


Bird's eye pattern: A dot-like, very fine small pattern in worsted fabrics, reminiscent of a bird's eye. Depending on the brightness contrast of the colors, the bird's eye pattern has a very striking pattern appearance or is very subtle and then appears faux solid. The bird's eye pattern is a classic pattern for men's fashion.


Voile: Voile is a veil-like, fine-threaded fabric woven in plain weave from cotton or virgin wool with a grainy feel due to hard-twisted yarn or twine. It hardly creases and is popular in women's fashion for dresses, blouses and scarves.


Flounce: In fashion, a flounce is specifically a pleated trim sewn to its upper edge, such as on a shirt or skirt. The flounce differs from the ruffle in that it is cut in a circular shape. Due to the cut shape, the flounce swings and falls in the shape of a bell, and therefore represents a very feminine, romantic style.



Waxing: A treatment that weatherproofs clothing and provides a "waxy" feel.


Fulling: Fulling is a mechanical, thermal or chemical treatment ,which gives wool fabrics a felted appearance.


Padding: Warming inner material made of fleece for outdoor clothing. The fleece is often connected to the outer fabric and/or lining by quilting.


Woven Fur: A woven fur is a woven faux fur. Woven fur is also called fun fur, fake fur, teddy or plush.


Wellness: The English word for "feeling good".


White Tie: For particularly festive occasions, "white tie" on the invitation is the request to wear tails.


Wrap blouse / wrap shirt: A blouse or shirt with sash-shaped cut pieces. These are crossed over each other in the front or even in the back, wrapped around the waist and tied tightly. This look can also be achieved by crossing and buttoning front and back pieces.


Wiggle Dress: A kind of "curve wiggle dress", which has its model in the 1950s, is cut extremely figure-hugging and thus makes the female curves wiggle with an appropriate gait.


Wild silk: Silk from the cocoons of wild silkworms. It usually has a brownish coloration. Typical for wild silk are irregular thickenings in the thread.


Winter Cotton: Winter cotton refers to thicker cotton fabrics whose napped interior is warming and thus suitable for winter use.


Knitted fabric: In knitted fabric, the thread forms superimposed stitches, it runs vertically and forms a wale with the adjacent thread. Hook needles are used. When knitting, one stitch is made next to the other - the thread runs horizontally, along a row of stitches.


Wonder tee: In women's fashion pleated shirts.


Workwear: Workwear is a style in which clothing is modeled after workwear with functional details or rougher fabrics.


Wrap Dress: A wrap dress is also called a wrap dress and is a dress where the two halves of the open front are folded over each other to close, creating a V-shaped neckline.



Cigarette pants: Cigarette pants are straight and narrow cut fabric pants for women. Often it also has a crease. Cigarette pants were especially popular in the 50s and have since held a permanent place in the field of women's fashion.


Zipper: The English name for zipper.